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ISTA Standard Different Testing Equipment Should Meet

ISTA, the International Safe Transit Association, is an organization focused on the specific concerns of transport packaging. It is one of the most important industry developer of testing protocols and design standards that define how packages should perform to ensure protection of their contents during the ever changing risks of the global distribution environment.

ISTA Series Shock Testing Standards

Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 150 lbs(68kg): ISTA 1A, 2A, 3A, 1C,1G  Packaged Products Weighing > 150 lbs.: ISTA 1B, 2B,3B,1H  Unitized Loads (Palletized): ISTA 1E,3B,3E  Furniture: ISTA 2C   European Consumer Goods:  ISTA 3K   An ISTA-certified horizontal impact tester is able to simulate the horizontal shocks produced by various means of handling and transportation that may affect the load. There are a number of ISTA procedures that require this simulation machine, including ISTA 1A, B, C, E, G, H; 2A, B, C; 3B, E, K; 4 Series; 6-SAMSCLUB, 6-AMAZON. COM.


  • ISTA 1 Series Non-Simulation Integrity Shock Testing Standard

These are the most basic category of performance tests. Challenge the strength and robustness of the product + package. These series are not designed to simulate environmental incidents. Useful as screening tests, particularly when used as a consistent benchmark over time.

ClassificationStandardsShock Testing

Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 150 lbs (68 kg)

ISTA 1AVertical Shock Test machine: accord with ASTM D 5487  Horizontal impact test system: ASTM D 4003
ISTA 1CImpact Velocity varies with packaged-product weight
ISTA 1GSimilar to 1A

Packaged Products Weighing > 150 lbs (68 kg)

ISTA 1BHorizontal impact: 69 in (1.7 m) per second velocity change
ISTA 1DSimilar to 1B
ISTA 1HSimilar to 1B
Unitized Loads (Palletized)ISTA 1ESimilar to 1B


  • ISTA 2 Series: Partial Simulation Shock Testing Standard

These series are a combination of basic test elements from ISTA 1 Series and advanced test elements from ISTA 3 Series: tests with at least one element of a 3 Series type General Simulation performance test (atmospheric conditioning or mode-shaped random vibration) as well as basic elements of a 1 Series type Non-Simulation Integrity test.

ClassificationStandardsShock Testing
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 150 lbs (68 kg)ISTA 2AA horizontal impact test using an ad hoc horizontal impact system that complies with the specifications outlined in the ASTM D4003 standard. ISTA 2A protocol requires the performance of a few tests to verify the resistance of the product-packaging system to shock. Specially designed transport simulation systems must be used for this purpose.  
Packaged Products Weighing > 150 lbs (68 kg)ISTA 2BSimilar to 1B
Furniture PackagesISTA 2CHorizontal: lmpact Velocity varies with packaged-product weight


  • ISTA 3 Series: General Simulation Shock Testing Standard

ClassificationStandardsShock Testing
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 150 lbs (70 kg)ISTA 3AStandard: Shock TEST BLOCK 12: Concentrated impact: Hazard Box dropped 400 mm (16 in)
Shock TEST BLOCK 13: Bridge impact: Hazard Box dropped
400 mm (16 in)
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 200 lbs (91 kg)ISTA 3B

≤ 200lb(91kg: Shock TEST BLOCK 10: Concentrated impact: impact mass free-fall drop, guided drop, or pendulum, 15 in (380 mm) Required only for Non-Rigid Containers      

Shock TEST BLOCK 17: Bridged Impact: Hazard Box dropped 16 in (410mm) Required only for Elongated packages                        

Shock TEST BLOCK 18: Concentrated Edge Impact: Hazard Box dropped 16 in (410mm) Required only for Flat packages (over 200lb(91kg) :

1. Concentrated impact: impact mass free-fall drop,guided drop, or pendulum,15 in (380 mm) -Non-Rigid Containers

2. Concentrated Edge impact: Hazard box dropped 16 in (410 mm)  -Flat packages

3. Bridged lmpact:16 in (410 mm)-Elongated packages        

Cylindrical: Bridged lmpact:16 in (410 mm)-Elongated packages        

Palletized or skidded: Concentrated impact: impact mass free-fall drop, guided drop, or pendulum,15 in (380 mm) -Non-Rigid Container

Unitized Loads (Palletized)ISTA 3EShock test. Horizontal impact: 69 in (1.7 m) per second velocity change It is mandatory to choose between an inclined impact and a horizontal one. In both cases, the acceleration must be 1.1 meters per second (or 42 inches per second)
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 100 Ib (45kg)ISTA 3F/
BulkISTA 3H

Horizontal lmpact:2 mph (0.9 m/s) 15 ms half-sine

4 and 6 mph(1.8 and 2.7 m/s)300 ms Trapezoidal-Required for Rail Shipments Only

European Retail Supply ChainISTA 3K

8 impacts at 1.35m/s(optional)

4 impacts at 0.91m/s(required) ISO 2244 or ASTM D 4003


  • ISTA 4 Series Shock Testing Standard

ISTA SeriesClassificationStandardsTesting Standards
ISTA 4AB/ISTA 4ABHandling:More than 50 handling tables



  • ISTA 6 Series Shock Testing Standard

ISTA SeriesClassificationStandardsTesting Standards
6-FEDEX≤ 150 lb (68 kg)6-FEDEX-AConcentrated Impact Test-Elongated Bridge Impact Test-flat (free-fall drop tester)
> 150 lb (68 kg)6-FEDEX-BSide Impact/Tip Test /Bottom Impact Test/Raised Edge Impact Test/Raised Corner Impact Test
6-AMAZON COM-SIOC≤ 50 lb ( 23 kg ) & Girth up to 165 ( 4.19 m)Type A1. Concentrated impact: Hazard Box dropped 16 in (400 mm)- Flat packages 2.Bridge impact: Hazard Box dropped 16 in (400 mm) -Elongated packages
Type Dsimilar to Type A
50 Ib ( 23 kg ) to Less than 100 lb ( 45 kg)Type Bsimilar to Type A
100 b(45 kg)or GreaterType Csimilar to Type A
Type Esimilar to Type A
OtherType FConcentrated impact: Hazard Box dropped 16 in (410 mm)- Flat packages
6-AMAZON COM-OBO/6-AMAZON COM-OBO/
6-SAMSNon-perishableType AType A-C: 1. Concentrated impact: Hazard Box dropped 12 in (300 mm) (domestic) 15 in (380 mm) (int'l)  2.Bridge impact: Hazard Box dropped 12 in (300 mm) (domestic) 15 in (380 mm) (int'l)
Type B
Type C
PerishableType D/




ISTA Series Drop Testing Standards


  • ISTA 1 Series Non-Simulation Integrity Drop Testing Standard

ClassificationStandardsDrop Testing
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 150 lbs (68 kg)ISTA 1A Among the test to be performed is the ISTA 1A drop test. This is a shock test and can be carried out with a Free fall Drop Tester
ISTA 1C ISTA 1C drop test establishes a sequence depending on the orientation of the drop (corner, edge, or face) and the specific face, edge or corner to be tested
ISTA 1G Similar to 1A, the difference between both procedures resides in the vibration test type, but all the sequences and the test are the same, including ISTA 1G drop test. The drop testing involves 10 separate sequences. There is one corner drop and three edge drops. The package is also dropped on each of the six faces of the package.
Packaged Products Weighing > 150 lbs (68 kg)ISTA 1B 

As in ISTA 1A, this procedure also includes a shock test that could be performed using a drop tester                          

Drop test: 6 in (150 mm)
Rotational Edge Drop: 8 in (200 mm)

Rotational Edge Drop: 8 in (200 mm)
In both cases, the drop height and impact velocity have to be determined before the shock testing. 
ISTA 1D ISTA 1D includes a shock test to be performed with other tests.
The shock test category includes two drop tests: Drop test: 6 in (150 mm)
Rotational Edge Drop: 8 in (200 mm)
Both tests could be performed with a Free fall drop tester following the sequence determined by ISTA regarding the orientation (face) and the specific face of the packaged product that should be tested. 
ISTA 1H Similar to 1D
Unitized Loads (Palletized)ISTA 1E

Rotational Edge Drop: 8 in (200 mm)         

Rotational drop: ASTM D 6179


  • ISTA 2 Series Non-Simulation Integrity Drop Testing Standard

These series are a combination of basic test elements from ISTA 1 Series and advanced test elements from ISTA 3 Series: tests with at least one element of a 3 Series type General Simulation performance test (atmospheric conditioning or mode-shaped random vibration) as well as basic elements of a 1 Series type Non-Simulation Integrity test.

ClassificationStandardsDrop Testing
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 150 lbs (68 kg)ISTA 2A

In ISTA 2A drop test height varies with package-product weight. A free fall test using a Drop Tester that complies with the ASTM D 5276 standard.

Packaged Products Weighing > 150 lbs (68 kg)ISTA 2BFor ISTA 2B drop test, the test level determined 6 in (150 mm) Rotational Edge Drop: 8 in (200 mm).
 Furniture PackagesISTA 2CIn the case of the ISTA 2C drop test, the height of the drop varies for the package-product weight (and Distribution channel). less than 50 lb (23 kg), 50 lb (23 kg) to 100 lb (45 kg) and greater than 100 lb (45 kg).


  • ISTA 3 Series Non-Simulation Integrity Drop Testing Standard

ClassificationStandardsShock Testing
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 150 lbs (70 kg)ISTA 3A

Free fall drop tester: ISO 2248 or ASTM D 5276 

Rotational Edge Drop:200 mm (8 in) ISO 2876 or ASTM D 6179  

Full Rotational Flat Drop: Varies with packaged-product dimensions                                 

The drop tester simulates drops and rotational impacts that affect the packages and products during handling and distribution. In order to perform the drop tests outlined in the procedure, we will also need certain hazards, such as a block or a box.

Standard: Shock TEST BLOCK 3: Drop: 9 Drops - height varies with packaged-product weight Shock TEST BLOCK 9 Drop: 8 Drops - height varies with packaged-product weight. includes drop-on hazard
Shock TEST BLOCK 10: Rotational Edge Drop: 200 mm (8 in) (Required for FLAT and ELONGATED)

Shock TEST BLOCK 11: Full Rotational Varies with packaged- Required for FLAT and ELONGATED 

SMALL Packaged-Product Test: Shock TEST BLOCK 3

Drop (not in a bag): 9 Drops - height varies with packaged-product weight
Shock TEST BLOCK 9
Drop (in a bag): 7 Drops - height varies with packaged-product weight
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 200 lbs (91 kg)ISTA 3B

≤ 200lb(91kg: Shock TEST BLOCK 3: Free-Fall Drop: 6 drops-height varies with packaged-product weight                      

 Shock TEST BLOCK 11: Free-Fall Drop: 6 drops-height varies with packaged-product weight                                         

Shock TEST BLOCK 16: Full Rotational Drop: 2 drops, Required only for Elongated packages                                  

(over 200lb(91kg) : Rotational Drop:9 in.(230 mm) Rotational edge and corner drops Full Rotational drop:1 drop-Elongated / 2 drops-Flat                          

Cylindrical: Free-Fall Drop: 6 drops-height varies with packaged-product weight      

Palletized or skidded: Rotational Drop: Rotational edge and corner drops: Height varies with packaged-product weight         

Unitized Loads (Palletized)ISTA 3ERotational drop shock from a height of 200mm or 8 inches. This is a mandatory test.
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 100 Ib (45kg)ISTA 3F

12 and 30 in(310 and 760 mm)               

18 and 24 in(460 and 610 mm)

BulkISTA 3H

Rotational Flat Drop:4 in (100 mm)          

Rotational Edge Drop:4 in (100 mm)-ASTM D 6179

European Retail Supply ChainISTA 3K

Placement drop:5 impacts in various orientations,150mm       

Drop-on: impacting top of the lower package, base of upper package, 150/300mm   

Flat drop:1 drop from 60mm ISO 2248 or ASTMD 5276



  • ISTA 4 Series Drop Testing Standard


ISTA SeriesClassificationStandardsTesting Standards
ISTA 4AB /ISTA 4AB/



  • ISTA 6 Series Drop Testing Standard

ISTA SeriesClassificationStandardsTesting Standards
6-FEDEX≤ 150 lb (68 kg) 6-FEDEX-AFree-Fall Drop Test Procedures: We employ a free-fall drop tester* to drop packages onto a flat, firm, nonyielding steel base. We vary the drop height based on the package weight shown in the chart. For international products, we conduct a second sequence of free-fall drop tests following the vibration test.
> 150 lb (68 kg) 6-FEDEX-B/
6-AMAZON COM-SIOC≤ 50 lb ( 23 kg ) & Girth up to 165 ( 4.19 m)Type AFree-Fall Drop: 8/9 drops; Rotational Edge Drop: 9 in (230 mm)
Type DFree-Fall Drop: 6 drops - 18 in (460mm)max; 6 drops - 32 in (810mm) max
50 Ib ( 23 kg ) to Less than 100 lb ( 45 kg)Type Bsimilar to Type A
100 b(45 kg)or GreaterType CRotational FLAT Drop: 9 in (230 mm); Rotational EDGE Drop: 9 in (230 mm)
Type Esimilar to Type C
OtherType FRotational FLAT Drop: 9 in (230 mm) Rotational EDGE ; Drop: 9 in (230 mm) Rotational CORNER; Drop:9 in (230 mm)
6-AMAZON COM-OBO/6-AMAZON COM-OBO8/9 drops. ln compliance with the apparatus section of ISO 2248 and    ASTM D 5276
6-SAMSNon-perishableType AType A: 1.Rotational FLAT Drop:6 in (150 mm)(domestic) 8 in (200 mm) (int'I) 2.Rotational EDGE Drop:4 in (100 mm) (domestic) 6 in (150 mm) (int'I) 3.Free-Fall Drop Bottom Orientations:15 in (380 mm)(domestic) 18 in (460 mm) (int'I)
Type B
Type C
PerishableType DType D: Rotational EDGE  Drop:4 in (100 mm) (domestic) 6 in (150 mm) (int'I)  Free-Fall Drop Bottom Orientations:15 in (380 mm)(domestic) 18 in (460 mm) (int'I)




ISTA Series Vibration Testing Standards


  • ISTA 1 Series Non-Simulation Integrity Vibration Testing Standard

ClassificationStandardsVibration Testing
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 150 lbs (68 kg)ISTA 1COverall Grms level of 1.15 Random Vibration Test System complying with the apparatus section of ASTM D 4728
ISTA 1GDuring vibration integrity testing, the package is placed on four different faces. The test duration for each face is called out in the ISTA 1G test procedure. Overall Grms level of 1.15 Random Vibration Test System complying with the apparatus section of ASTM D 4728

ISTA 1DSimilar to 1C
ISTA 1HSimilar to 1C
Unitized Loads (Palletized)ISTA 1EAlternative Random: Overall Grms level of 1.15 Random Vibration Test System complying with the apparatus section of ASTM D 4728


  • ISTA 2 Series Non-Simulation Integrity Vibration Testing Standard

ClassificationStandardsVibration Testing
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 150 lbs (68 kg)ISTA 2AOverall Grms level of 1.15 Random Vibration Test System complying with the apparatus section of ASTM D 4728. The vibration system must meet the ASTM D999 standard when performing the fixed displacement test, and the  ASTM D4728 standard when performing random vibrations. The vibration test reproduces the vibration motions that might be experienced during goods transportation, both in the vehicle and during loading & unloading. Performing it requires the use of a vertical vibration system, which can go one step further and achieve results that are closer to real transportation conditions. In addition, the method indicates that the operator may opt to perform random vibrations during both tests or run one test with random vibrations and another one with a fixed displacement system. In all cases, the type of vibrations that have been tested for must be specified in the test result records.
Packaged Products Weighing > 150 lbs (68 kg)ISTA 2BOverall Grms level of 1.15 Random Vibration Test System complying with the apparatus section of ASTM D 4728
Furniture PackagesISTA 2CThe next test sequence in ISTA 2C testing is vibration testing. This test sequence requires random testing under a dynamic load. The top-load simulates freight on top of a floor-loaded shipping unit in a 108-inch trailer.
There are three levels of top-load test levels. Level one is 12 pounds per foot cubed. Level two is 10 pounds per foot cubed. Level three is eight pounds per foot cubed. The level three method assumes that the carrier uses air-ride trucks.
There are several requirements for the top load. It must be larger than the test specimen. However, it must not overhang the specimen by more than one and a half inches. It must also spread the weight out evenly across the entire test unit.


  • ISTA 3 Series Non-Simulation Integrity Vibration Testing Standard

ClassificationStandardsVibration Testing
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 150 lbs (70 kg)ISTA 3A

Random With and Without Top Load: frequency:1-200Hz

1. Overall Grms level of 0.53 / 47.12 mm (1. 855 in)

2. Overall Grms level of 0.46 /58.72 mm (2.312in)

3. Low pressure:2-300Hz, Grms level of 1.05, 7.52mm(0.296in) accord with IS0 13355 or ASTM D4728

Random vibration system: This machine must comply with the equipment section of ISO 13355 or ASTM D 4728. Using the vertical vibration system, the vibrations that take place during the package distribution cycle, whether by road or sea, can be simulated.

Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 200 lbs (91 kg)ISTA 3BVertical vibration: Random With Top Load: Overall Grms levels of 0.54
Unitized Loads (Palletized)ISTA 3ERandom vibration test, which is mandatory. Vertical vibration: Random With Top Load: Overall Grms levels of 0.54
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 100 Ib (45kg)ISTA 3FVertical vibration: Random With Top Load: Overall Grms levels of 0.54
BulkISTA 3H

Random: Overall Grms level varies with Mode of Transport

1. For Steel Spring Truck: overall Grms level of 0.54/ 45.13 mm (1.777in) frequency 1-200Hz

2. For Air-ride Truck: Grms level of 0.28/ 82. 58 mm (3.251in) 0.6-100Hz   3.For railcar:overall Grms level of 0.13/21.26 mm ( 0 . 837in) 1-100Hz

European Retail Supply ChainISTA 3KRandom: Overall Grms level of 0.28 for 40 minutes followed by 0.517 for 60 seconds IS0 13355 or ASTM D4728


  • ISTA 4 Series Vibration Testing Standard

ISTAClassificationStandardsTesting Standards
ISTA 4AB/ISTA 4ABRandom Vibration with and/or without a Top Load: 17 vibration spectra with more being added. For Steel Spring Truck:frequency:1-200Hz


  • ISTA 6 Series Vibration Testing Standard

ISTA SeriesClassificationStandardsTesting Standards
6-FEDEX≤ 150 lb (68 kg)6-FEDEX-ARandom Vibration Test Procedures. We perform the random vibration test on a vertical electrohydraulic vibration machine equipped with computerized controls. To perform this test, we use the following procedures.
1. Program the vibration system to reproduce three consecutive sequences of random vibration profiles representing the FedEx distribution environment as indicated in the spectra profiles.
• Truck vibration at 0.52 Grms (profile one).
• Air vibration at 1.06 Grms (profile two).
• Repeat truck vibration at 0.52 Grms (profile one).
> 150 lb (68 kg)6-FEDEX-BRandom Vibration Test Procedures. We perform the random vibration test on a vertical electrohydraulic vibration machine equipped with computerized controls. To perform this test, we use the following procedures.
1. Program the vibration system to reproduce three consecutive sequences of random vibration profiles representing the FedEx distribution environment as indicated in the spectra profiles.
• Truck vibration at 0.52 Grms (profile one).
• Air vibration at 1.06 Grms (profile two).
• Repeat truck vibration at 0.52 Grms (profile one).
6-AMAZON COM-SIOC≤ 50 lb ( 23 kg ) & Girth up to 165 ( 4.19 m)Type A

Random With and Without Top Load:

1.Overall Grms level of 0.53 / 47.12 mm (1. 855 in)  

2. Overall Grms level of 0.46 /58.72 mm (2.312in)

Type DRandom with Top Load: Overall Grms levels of 0.54 / 45.13mm ( 1.777in) peak-to-peak
50 Ib ( 23 kg ) to Less than 100 lb ( 45 kg)Type Bsimilar to Type A
100 b(45 kg)or GreaterType Csimilar to Type A
Type Esimilar to Type D
OtherType FVertical Vibration: Random With Top Load: Overall Grms level of 0.54
6-AMAZON COM-OBO/6-AMAZON COM-OBORandom: Overall Grms level of 0.53. Random Vibration Test System complying with the apparatus section of lS0 13355 or ASTMD 4728.
6-SAMSNon-perishableType AType A: Vertical Vibration Random: Overall Grms level of 0.46 Random All 3 Specimens Stacked Vertically: Overall Grms level of 0.55      1 hour
Type B
Type C
PerishableType D/



ISTA Transportation Testing Standards


  • ISTA 1 Series Non-Simulation Integrity Transportation Testing Standard

ClassificationStandardsTesting Standards
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 150 lbs (68 kg)ISTA 1AFixed Displacement Vibration Test:
Vibration Test System with a 1 in (25 mm) peak-to-peak, fixed or controlled displacement complying with Method A1 or A2 of the apparatus section of ASTM D 999. Fixed Displacement Vibration Test: Vibration test using the 1-inch fixed displacement method, peak-to-peak, at a predetermined frequency for the ISTA 1A and 1B procedures.
ISTA 1CSimilar to 1A
ISTA 1G/
Packaged Products Weighing > 150 lbs (68 kg)ISTA 1BSimilar to 1A
ISTA 1DSimilar to 1A
ISTA 1H/
Unitized Loads (Palletized)ISTA 1E
Vertical Linear Fixed Displacement: Vibration Test System with a 1 in (25 mm) peak-to-peak, fixed or controlled displacement complying with Method A1 or A2 of the apparatus section of ASTM D 999.


  • ISTA 2 Series Non-Simulation Integrity Transportation Testing Standard

ClassificationStandardsTesting Standards
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 150 lbs (68 kg)ISTA 2AVertical Linear Fixed Displacement: Vibration Test System with a 1 in (25 mm) peak-to-peak, fixed or controlled displacement complying with Method A1 or A2 of the apparatus section of ASTM D 999.
Packaged Products Weighing > 150 lbs (68 kg)ISTA 2BVertical Linear Fixed Displacement: Vibration Test System with a 1 in (25 mm) peak-to-peak, fixed or controlled displacement complying with Method A1 or A2 of the apparatus section of ASTM D 999.
Furniture PackagesISTA 2C/


  • ISTA 6 Series Transportation Testing Standard

ISTAClassificationStandardsTesting Standards
6-FEDEX≤ 150 lb (68 kg)6-FEDEX-ARotary Vibration Test Procedures
We perform the rotary vibration test on a mechanical rotary vibration machine. The machine will vibrate at 1.0" total displacement. Packages will be subjected to a total of 14,200 vibratory impacts
> 150 lb (68 kg)6-FEDEX-BRotary Vibration Test Procedures
We perform the rotary vibration test on a mechanical rotary vibration machine. The machine will vibrate at 1.0" total displacement. Packages will be subjected to a total of 14,200 vibratory impacts





ISTA Series Incline Impact Testing Standards


  • ISTA 1 Series Non-Simulation Integrity Incline Impact Testing Standard

ClassificationStandardsTesting Standards
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 150 lbs (68 kg)ISTA 1AImpact Velocity varies with packaged-product weight
ISTA 1CSimilar to 1A
ISTA 1GSimilar to 1A
Packaged Products Weighing > 150 lbs (68 kg)ISTA 1BIncline impact: 69 in (1.7 m) per second impact velocity
ISTA 1DSimilar to 1B
ISTA 1HSimilar to 1B
Unitized Loads (Palletized)ISTA 1E
Similar to 1B


  • ISTA 2 Series Non-Simulation Integrity Incline Impact Testing Standard

ClassificationStandardsTesting Standards
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 150 lbs (68 kg)ISTA 2AAn incline impact test using a machine that is able to simulate these kinds of impacts as per the ASTM D880 standard.
Packaged Products Weighing > 150 lbs (68 kg)ISTA 2BSimilar to 1A
Furniture PackagesISTA 2CException One and Two impact Velocity varies with incline-Impact (Conbur)
packaged-product weight


  • ISTA 3 Series Non-Simulation Integrity Incline Impact Testing Standard

ClassificationStandardsTesting Standards
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 150 lbs (70 kg)ISTA 3A/
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 200 lbs (91 kg)ISTA 3Blncline or Horizontal impact, optional Free-Fall Drop: 48 in/sec (4 ft/sec) (1.2 m/sec) impacts or 3 in.(76 mm) drops
Unitized Loads (Palletized)ISTA 3EIncline impact: 69 in (1.7 m) per second impact velocity
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 100 Ib (45kg)ISTA 3F/
BulkISTA 3H/
European Retail Supply ChainISTA 3K/


  • ISTA 4 Series Incline Impact Testing Standard

ISTA SeriesClassificationStandardsTesting Standards
6-FEDEX≤ 150 lb (68 kg)6-FEDEX-A/
> 150 lb (68 kg)6-FEDEX-BSide Impact Test Procedures
We perform the side impact test on an inclined impact tester equipped with a velocity meter.
6-AMAZON COM-SIOC≤ 50 lb ( 23 kg ) & Girth up to 165 ( 4.19 m)Type A/
Type D/
50 Ib ( 23 kg ) to Less than 100 lb ( 45 kg)Type B/
100 b(45 kg)or GreaterType Clncline or Horizontal lmpact:48 in/sec (4 ft/sec) (1.2 m/sec) impact velocity or velocity change
Type Esimilar to Type C
OtherType Fsimilar to Type C
6-AMAZON COM-OBO/6-AMAZON COM-OBO/
6-SAMSNon-perishableType AType A: lncline or Horizontal lmpact:48 in/sec (4 ft/sec) (1.2 m/sec) impact velocity or velocity change
Type B
Type C
PerishableType D/



ISTA Series Compression Testing Standards


  • ISTA 1 Series Non-Simulation Integrity Compression Testing Standard

ClassificationStandardsTesting Standards
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 150 lbs (68 kg)ISTA 1A/
ISTA 1C

Fixed or Floating platen acceptable Calculated Test Load or Force                    

The amount of compression is based on the size and weight of the package being tested

ISTA 1G/
Packaged Products Weighing > 150 lbs (68 kg)ISTA 1B/
ISTA 1DSimilar to 1C
ISTA 1H/
Unitized Loads (Palletized)ISTA 1E
/


  • ISTA 2 Series Non-Simulation Integrity Compression Testing Standard

ClassificationStandardsTesting Standards
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 150 lbs (68 kg)ISTA 2AThe method calls for measuring damages caused to the package by compression forces. Using a compression tester, these forces are to be applied in the press and release, press and hold and Load Spreader modes. In order for the test to be valid, the machine must comply with the ASTM D642 standard.
Packaged Products Weighing > 150 lbs (68 kg)ISTA 2BThe method calls for measuring damages caused to the package by compression forces. Using a compression tester, these forces are to be applied in the press and release, press and hold and Load Spreader modes. In order for the test to be valid, the machine must comply with the ASTM D642 standard.
Furniture PackagesISTA 2C/


  • ISTA 3 Series Non-Simulation Integrity Compression Testing Standard

ClassificationStandardsTesting Standards
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 150 lbs (70 kg)ISTA 3A/
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 200 lbs (91 kg)ISTA 3B/
Unitized Loads (Palletized)ISTA 3ECompression test. This test is mandatory, and you can choose between the machine apply and release, machine apply and hold and weight and load spreader methods.
Packaged Products Weighing ≤ 100 Ib (45kg)ISTA 3FCompression test. This test is mandatory, and you can choose between the machine apply and release, machine apply and hold and weight and load spreader methods.
BulkISTA 3HCompression test. This test is mandatory, and you can choose between the machine apply and release, machine apply and hold and weight and load spreader methods.
European Retail Supply ChainISTA 3KCompression test. This test is mandatory, and you can choose between the machine apply and release, machine apply and hold and weight and load spreader methods.


  • ISTA 4 Series Compression Testing Standard

ISTAClassificationStandardsTesting Standards
ISTA 4AB/ISTA 4ABCalculated Test Force Compression test compensation for time, temperature, humidity and stacking pattern is calculated from data-based formulas


  • ISTA 6 Series Compression Testing Standard

ISTA SeriesClassificationStandardsTesting Standards
6-FEDEX≤ 150 lb (68 kg) 6-FEDEX-ACompression Test Procedures
We perform the compression test on a dynamic compression tester equipped with a computerized control system. 
> 150 lb (68 kg) 6-FEDEX-BCompression Test Procedures
We perform the compression test on a dynamic compression tester equipped with a computerized control system.
6-AMAZON COM-SIOC≤ 50 lb ( 23 kg ) & Girth up to 165 ( 4.19 m)Type A/
Type D1. Horizontal: Clamping Simulation Calculated from formula Clamp in multiple orientations as directed-For any of the 2 axes with a width dimension ≥ 24 in (610mm) and< 75in (1905 mm) 2.Vertical:Test in the intended shipping orientation or most stable orientation
50 Ib ( 23 kg ) to Less than 100 lb ( 45 kg)Type Bsimilar to Type D
100 b(45 kg)or GreaterType Csimilar to Type D
Type Esimilar to Type D
OtherType FVertical: Top-to-Bottom Pallet on top Maintain force for 1 hour
6-AMAZON COM-OBO/6-AMAZON COM-OBO/
6-SAMSNon-perishableType A

Type A: Vertical: Top-to-Bottom Pallet on top Maintain force for 1 hour; Horizontal: Clamping Simulation

Type B
Type C
PerishableType DType D: Vertical: Top-to-Bottom Pallet on top: Maintain force for 30 seconds, release



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